Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is the result of poor oral hygiene. Without regularly brushing, flossing, and rinsing, plaque and tartar can build up around the gums. Over time, this irritates the gums and causes them to become infected with bacteria. If left untreated, the bacteria can spread and cause teeth to become loose or even fall out.
How can I prevent gum disease?
Gum disease is common but fairly easy to prevent. The best way to avoid gum disease is to regularly brush, floss, and rinse your mouth especially after eating or drinking.
What are the symptoms of Periodontal Disease?
You will know if you are suffering from periodontal disease if you have gums that bleed when you eat, brush, or floss. If there are teeth that are loose or you see a gap between your teeth that didn’t exist before, this could be a sign of periodontal disease. Other signs include chronic bad breath, infection in the gums or teeth, puffy or red gums, and soreness or tenderness of your gums.
If you are suffering from any of these symptoms you should contact us at Instyle Smiles. Dr. Carroll and his staff will also be watching for signs of gum disease at your regularly scheduled dental visits.
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
Depending on the severity of the gum disease, your dentist will be able to determine what type of treatment is necessary. Gum disease in its earliest stages can be resolved with a few deep cleanings at the dental office. If the disease has become more severe, your doctor may prescribe a procedure called scaling and root planing. This involves a thorough cleaning of air pockets around the gums and will be followed up by smoothing the rough spots on the root’s surface. If the air pockets do not close up after being cleaned out, your doctor may recommend periodontal surgery.